unloaded from the kiln
The technology dissemination activity in brick sector involves dissemination
of VSBK (vertical shaft brick kiln) to promote sustainable livelihood
options among small brick makers, including firemen community and
women groups, since techno-social integration is the core of the
project intervention. The VSBK dissemination activity focuses on
two distinct areas.
East Uttar Pradesh
TERI started participating in VSBK dissemination activities from
2002 onwards. It associated with the INP (Int Nirmata Parishad),
Varanasi, the local brick industry association in east UP in VSBK
demonstration and dissemination apart from other activities like
capacity building in the BTK (bull’s
trench kilns) operation like training programs and awareness
seminars. The project demonstrated VSBK at Varanasi with active
support from the INP during 2002. Although the project demonstrated
energy performance of VSBK-Varanasi, there were problems related
to quality of the fired brick quality. Though the project solved
the problems associated to a great extent by 2003, a majority of
the moving chimney BTKs, which were anticipated to switch over to
VSBK, adopted a fixed-chimney system and, thus, the scope for replicating
the technology was reduced.
With active involvement from brick kiln entrepreneurs
in Karnataka, the project provided technical support in establishing
three VSBKs in Malur and Kolar brick clusters during 2004. The project
also trained the local masons and contractors in the VSBK construction.
It also provided solutions for enhancing green brick drying as well
as inputs to the local brick industry on BOP (best operating practices)
in conventional downdraught kilns.
The project provided technical assistance to
the women SHGs (self help groups) in Thogur (Tamil Nadu) in VSBK
adoption. The initiative was supported by STED (Science Technology
Entrepreneurship Development) program, Thanjavur. The DRDA (District
Rural Development Agency) provided grants and the State Bank of
India provided loan (investments and working capital) for the project.
TERI is involved jointly with local brick industry associations
(e.g. Int Nirmata Parishad, Varanasi) for creating awareness and
providing training on BOP in BTKs. During the project intervention
period, it also addressed other issues related to the brick industry.
For example, when use of moving chimney was banned in brick production
by the MoEF (Ministry of Environment and Forests) during 1996, TERI
was actively involved in creating awareness on various energy and
environmental issues in brick industry and providing a platform
between brick industry, technology suppliers, and other stakeholders.
The actions included
Assisting the PSCST
(Punjab State Council for Science and Technology) towards organizing
an international conference on ‘Emerging trends in brick industry’
at Chandigarh during December 2001. The conference was attended
by over 250 brick-kiln owners from India and sector experts from
India, Germany, and England.
Conducting a regional
seminar on 'Pollution control and energy conservation in brick industry'
during February 2000 along with INP. It mainly addressed the issue
of adoption of fixed chimney designs in BTKs in place of moving
chimneys and pollution control system (gravity settling chamber).
The seminar also brought together various stakeholders like brick
kiln entrepreneurs, brick industry associations, pollution control
boards, technology providers, and financial institutions to a common