Since 1994, TERI (The Energy and Resources Institute) and SDC (Swiss
Agency for Development and Cooperation) have partnered to develop
innovative solutions to energy, environment, and social issues of
few energy intensive small-scale industrial sectors. The sectors
identified for interventions were the following.
(pot furnaces and muffle furnaces)
(vertical shaft brick kilns and bull’s trench kilns)
gasifier-based thermal applications (silk reeling, cardamom drying,
and other sub-sectors)
In each of these sectors, demonstration units
were set up to showcase energy-efficient and environment-friendly
technological solutions. To spread awareness, TERI facilitated a
few replication units in each of the sectors. The interventions
also stressed on making the technological solutions more holistic
by integrating the social concerns of the workforce.
TERI adopted a bottom-up approach and encouraged
greater participation by industry associations in the decision-making
process. This helped in integrating the concerns of local industry
in the overall project design. The solutions were developed by pooling
multidisciplinary competences: international experts, local consultants,
and grass-roots-level NGOs (non-governmental organizations).
The demonstrated technological solutions developed
by TERI have improved energy efficiency significantly, and consequently
reduced GHG (greenhouse gas) emissions to a great extent. In addition,
the new technologies have brought about a sea change in the pollution
levels at worksite. The interventions have also resulted in increasing
awareness on energy-efficient and environment-friendly technological
options among a large number of small and micro enterprises located
across the country.
The interventions owe their success to a large
number of stakeholders (local/international consultants, fabricators,
masons, entrepreneurs, industry associations, and partner NGOs)
who worked hand in hand with TERI. In order to build on the existing
informal network of different stakeholders working in the small
and micro enterprise sectors, TERI has launched a new initiative
– CoSMiLE (Competence network for Small and Micro Learning
Enterprises) in 2005, with the support from SDC.